40 Things a Home Inspector Checks

Dated: January 28 2024

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Home inspector

Home inspectors are trained professionals who assess the condition of various aspects of a home to identify potential issues or areas needing attention. While the specifics may vary depending on the inspector and the region, here are 40 common things home inspectors typically look for during a home inspection:


  1. Foundation: Cracks, shifting, or signs of instability.
  2. Siding: Damage, rot, or signs of moisture intrusion.
  3. Roof: Missing or damaged shingles, signs of leaks, or structural issues.
  4. Chimney: Cracks, loose bricks, or damaged flues.
  5. Gutters and Downspouts: Proper installation, damage, or blockages.
  6. Exterior Doors and Windows: Proper sealing, operation, and signs of damage.
  7. Decks and Porches: Structural integrity, rot, or safety hazards.
  8. Driveways and Walkways: Cracks, potholes, or drainage issues.
  9. Grading and Drainage: Proper slope away from the foundation to prevent water damage.


  1. Foundation: Cracks, moisture intrusion, or signs of settlement.
  2. Walls and Ceilings: Cracks, water stains, or signs of structural issues.
  3. Floors: Unevenness, sagging, or damage.
  4. Doors and Windows: Proper operation, sealing, and signs of damage.
  5. Electrical System: Proper wiring, outlets, switches, and circuit breaker panel.
  6. Plumbing System: Leaks, water pressure, and drainage.
  7. HVAC System: Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning components.
  8. Water Heater: Age, condition, and proper installation.
  9. Insulation and Ventilation: Adequate insulation, ventilation in attics and crawl spaces.
  10. Attic and Crawl Spaces: Insulation, ventilation, and signs of pests or mold.
  11. Basement and Foundation: Moisture, cracks, or signs of water intrusion.
  12. Fireplaces and Chimneys: Proper installation, damage, or safety hazards.
  13. Kitchen Appliances: Proper operation of stove, oven, dishwasher, etc.
  14. Bathrooms: Functionality of plumbing fixtures, leaks, and ventilation.

Safety Concerns:

  1. Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Detectors: Presence, placement, and functionality.
  2. Stairways and Handrails: Safety, stability, and proper installation.
  3. Trip Hazards: Loose carpeting, uneven flooring, or exposed wires.
  4. Electrical Hazards: Overloaded circuits, exposed wiring, or faulty outlets.
  5. Fire Hazards: Improper storage of flammable materials or proximity to heat sources.

General Condition:

  1. Overall Structural Integrity: Signs of wear, damage, or poor construction.
  2. Signs of Water Damage: Stains, mold, or musty odors.
  3. Pest Infestations: Evidence of termites, rodents, or other pests.
  4. Maintenance Issues: Deferred maintenance or neglect by previous owners.
  5. Exterior Drainage: Proper grading and drainage away from the home.
  6. Roof Condition: Age, condition of shingles, and signs of leaks.
  7. Crawl Space and Basement: Dampness, mold, or structural issues.
  8. Attic Condition: Insulation, ventilation, and signs of leaks.
  9. Functionality of Doors and Windows: Proper sealing and operation.
  10. Appliance Condition: Age, operation, and maintenance history.
  11. Landscaping: Overgrown vegetation, tree limbs near the house, or other potential hazards.
  12. Code Compliance: Adherence to local building cod
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Shawn Gaugler

As a dedicated and passionate realtor, Shawn Gaugler is your trusted guide through this dynamic market. With a proven track record of success and a deep understanding of the local real estate landscap....

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